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The eighth and final ship in the highly successful Fantasy-class cruise liner series for Carnival Cruise Lines, delivered on October 29 at Kvaerner Masa-Yards' Helsinki New Shipyard, is a tribute to great ocean liners of the past
by Stefano Fermi (1-12-98)
The Fantasy-class vessels
Fantasy, the first in the series, was delivered in 1990. Her sister ship Ecstasy was delivered in 1991 and the Sensation in 1993.
Fascination was delivered in 1994, Imagination in 1995, Inspiration in 1996 and Elation in February this year.
These Fantasy-class vessels form the longest single series of cruise liners ever ordered and demonstrate the great confidence Carnival Corporation has in Kvaerner Masa-Yards.
Paradise is the world's first non-smoking cruise ship.
The ship is certainly completely smoke-free, as the Helsinki yard workers did not smoke onboard during its entire construction period.
She has a gross tonnage of 70,390, carries 2,600 passengers that are served by a crew of more than 900.
All the 1,020 cabins (with bathrooms) are prefabricated and are delivered by Kvaerner Masa-Yards Piikkio Works. In each cabin there is a remote-controlled interactive in-cabin television system - the Fun Vision.
Ocean liners of the past
The design of the public spaces of Paradise have elements inspired by the most famous passenger ships in history.
The interior of Paradise's lounges, saloons and restaurants recall the rich decor of such romantic and celebrated 20th-century passenger ships as France's Normandie, Britain's imposing Queen Mary and America's SS United States.
Joe Farcus, Carnival's interior ship architect, said he was not trying to reproduce the rooms of these famous ships, but instead sought to evoke a nostalgic atmosphere of the liners from that era.
As on the previous ships, artists have been commissioned to enhance the vessel's interior, on Paradise the talent artists Calman Shemi has supplied 27 nautica-inspired murals for the stair ladings and murals for the Grand Atrium whereas Janinne Arnov Alter has created 14 original motivs for the more than 1,000 staterooms.
The general layout of the vessel follows mainly that of the previous in the series. Crew accommodation and the ship's stores, laundry etc. and the ship's machinery spaces are below deck four.
Decks four to seven are passenger cabin decks.
On deck seven (Empress deck) is the main passenger entrance to Atrium Plaza, the ground level of the six deck high Paradise Atrium with panorama elevators which at Sun deck level, deck 13, is covered by a glass dome.
On the Atrium Plaza there is the Paradise Bar.
The dining rooms
On deck eight, the Atlantic Deck, are the two main dining rooms, the Elation Restaurant forward and the Destiny Restaurant aft, with the galley inbetween.
The two decks high main show lounge, the Normandie, seating more than 1,000 guests is placed forward.
At the same deck at the Paradise Atrium are the American Bar piano bar, the Blue Riband library, the Card Room and the Galleria Shopping Mall and aft, behind the Elation Restaurant, a conference area, a dedicated facility to accommodate small meetings and incentive groups, which features state-of-the-art equipment and full-service amenities for on-board conferences. It can also be used for private dinners.
The ship's main promenade, Carnival Boulevard, is on deck nine, the Promenade Deck.
On this deck are the Queen Mary Lounge night club aft seating more than 500 guests, in front of which is the Rotterdam Bar, a jewellry shop, the Rex disco, the The Leonardo Bar (theme bar), and at the Boulevard, Cafe' Ile De France, United States Bar, and the huge Majestic Casino.
In front of the casino there is another technological feature on Paradise, the Virtual World, an electronic-game playground for children and adults.
The upper decks
The Lido Deck above is the open sun deck with a large swimming pool, two jacuzzi pools and several snack bars.
Aft is the large Paris Restaurant and forward the officer's accommodation and the ship's bridge.
The open Verandah Deck, deck 11, surrounding the deck below, has an area with passenger suites forward and a pool area aft.
The Sports Deck holds the Children's World offering youngsters a spacious, engaging activity center with computer and video games, playground equipment and crafts., the Nautica Spa with aerobic rooms, a beauty saloon, saunas, massage areas and a gymnasium.
On deck 13, the Sun Deck, is the rubber coated Nautica Jogging Track.
Main Machinery and propulsion system
The Fantasy was the first cruise liner newbuilding fitted with diesel-electric AC power station machinery incorporating AC propeller motors controlled by cyclo-converters.
The seventh cruise liner in the series, the Elation, was the first cruise liner ever with Azipod propulsion, the "state of the art" propulsion system now also applied on the eighth sistership, the Paradise.
The diesel-electric power plant on the Elation and Paradise differs from the previous ships which had four Wartsila Sulzer 12ZAV 40S and two Wartsila Sulzer 8ZAL 40S diesel engines as prime movers.
Elation and Paradise have six Wartsila 12 V 38 (7,920 kW/600 rpm) medium speed diesel engines, with a total power output of 47,520 kW (64,600 hp).
These are placed in two separate engine rooms. Each diesel engine drives an ABB 11,000 kVA AC alternator supplying electric power to a main electric high voltage bus bar of 6.6 kV, 60 Hz, 3 phase, from which the main propulsion motors and other large consumers are supplied.
The power for the two syncronous electric AC motors located in the propeller pods of Azipods are controlled by cycloconverters supplied by ABB.
The electric motors have a power of 14 MW, 0 - 146 rpm, with double stator winding. Each cycloconverter consists of two three phase converters with a common control unit. Each cycloconverter feeds a three phase stator winding of the propeller motor.
The two Azipod units on Elation and Paradise replace the internal electric propulsion motors, shaft lines, rudders and rudder machinery and three 1,500 kW tunnel stern thrusters, found on the first six 70,400 GT/2,600 passenger Fantasy-class cruise liners built by the yard.
Length overall 260.6 m; breadth, max. 36.0 m; draught 7.75 m; gross tonnage 70,390; speed 22.5 knots; height to top deck 40.4 m; total passenger cabins 1,020; passenger capacity, lower bed 2,077; maximum passenger capacity 2,634; crew cabins 523.
For further information: Carnival Cruise Lines